Biological diversity in the Horn of Africa

The Horn of Africa has been a renowned source of biological resources for thousands of years. The ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans sent expeditions and caravans to the region for frankincense, myrrh and other natural commodities to be taken back North along the incense route through the Arabian deserts.

Somali montane xeric woodlands

Cal Madow, Somalia - WHERE: Afrotropics ; BIOME: Deserts and Xeric Shrublands ; SIZE: 24,000 square miles (62,200 square kilometers) - about the size of West Virginia ; CONSERVATION STATUS: Critical/Endangered

CalMadow Forest - Juniperus procera Hochst. ex Endlicher 1847

Common Names - East-African Pencilwood - Taxonomic notes - Syn.: Juniperus hochstetteri Ant. 1857; Sabina procera (Hochst. ex Endlicher) Ant. 1857 ...